Scientific studies have pointed to the fact that the "Golden Arc" which stretches from Johannesburg to Welkom was once a massive inland lake, and that silt and gold deposits from alluvial gold settled in the area to form the gold-rich deposits that South Africa is famous for. 2010 In 2010, Johannesburg hosts the final of the FIFA World Cup, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies. This move was one of the factors leading to the Anglo Boer War of 1899-1902. Rhodes purchased the first batch of Witwatersrand gold from Bantjes for £3000. Breckenridge, Keith Derek (1995) An Age of Consent: law, discipline, and violence on the South African gold mines, 1910–1933. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a gold rush in 1886 that led to the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa. Boer resentment over the large number of foreigners (Uitlanders) in the Witwatersrand led to heavy taxes and the denial of voting rights for the gold miners, and in response the Uitlanders and the British owners of the mines began to pressure the overthrow of the Boer government. Davis, an English miner. The first discovery of gold in the region is recorded as being in 1852 in the Pardekraal farm[1] by J.H. : Ever since the gold rush of 1886, the Witwatersrand basin has been a major mining site. There had always been rumours of a modern-day "El Dorado" in the folklore of the native tribes that roamed the plains of the South African highveld and in that of the gold miners who had come from all over the world to seek out their fortunes on the alluvial mines of Barberton and Pilgrim's Rest, in what is now known as the province of Mpumalanga. It was a key part of the Mineral Revolution. Ein Goldrausch (von englisch gold rush, wörtlich und sinngemäß also Gold-Hast bzw. This only agitated the miners and gave the British another reason to make a grab for the gold fields and take the lot for themselves. The source of the huge amount of gold in the Witwatersrand is thought to be the entire greenstone-dominated Archaean cratonic surface, which was subjected to intensive chemical weathering permitting large-scale leaching of gold by contemporaneous surface waters. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a major contributing factor of the failed Jameson Raid of 1895 to 1896, and of the outbreak of the Second Boer War in 1899. Bantjes, whose father Jan Gerritze Bantjes had educated Kruger when he was a boy during the Great Trek, had discussions with Kruger regarding those "measures." This purchase would be the first transaction of the newly formed company Consolidated Gold Fields of South Africa. [citation needed], News of gold spread rapidly and reached Cecil Rhodes in Kimberley. Obwohl der etwa 200 Kilometer lange Höhenzug bis 1.779 Meter über dem Meeresspiegel aufragt, überragt er die umliegenden Landschaften nur um bis zu 300 Meter. In 1994, the area roughly covering Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging, which was previously part of the old Transvaal province, is renamed Gauteng. It was a key part of the Mineral Revolution. It was part of the Mineral Revolution. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a major contributing factor of the failed Jameson Raid of 1895 to 1896, and of the outbreak of the Second Boer War in 1899. The first recorded discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand was made by Jan Gerrit Bantjes in June 1884, on the farm Vogelstruisfontein, and was followed soon thereafter, in September, by the Struben brothers who uncovered the Confidence Reef on the farm Wilgespruit, near present-day Roodepoort. This is the reason why Johannesburg's central business district streets are so narrow. This at the time was a British attempt to give credit for the discovery to the Anglo sector in an attempt to justify claiming the Witwatersrand fields as British. The insatiable needs of the gold mining industry for cheap, unskilled black labour and the struggles of African communities to maintain a rural productive base led to the emergence of South Africa's notorious migrant labour system. Witwatersrand Gold Rush is an event that will happen to any great power bordering a nation owning the province of Witwatersrand (ID 2106), when gold is discovered there. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a gold rush in 1886 that led to the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa. This purchase would be the first transaction of the newly formed company Consolidated Gold Fields of South Africa. It was a key part of the Mineral Revolution. www.wikipedian.net Witwatersrand Gold Rush Witwatersrand Gold Rush, https://www.wits.ac.za/media/migration/files/EGRI%20274.pdf, The South African Railways - Historical Survey (Editor George Hart, Publisher Bill Hart, Sponsored by Dorbyl Ltd, Circa 1978), Netherlands-South African Railway Company, List of mayors of Santa Clarita, California, Jalisco Cartel New Generation-Los Caballeros Templarios Cartel War, Scientific Workgroup for Rocketry and Spaceflight, World's largest gold rush ever led to the eventual. But it was not until 1886 that the massive wealth of the Witwatersrand would be uncovered. One consequence of the gold rush was the construction of the first railway lines in this part of Africa. One consequence of the gold rush was the construction of the first railway lines in this part of Africa. It is thought to be named after two state surveyors who were sent to choose an area for the layout of the new town, Johann Rissik and Christiaan Johannes Joubert. However, these were minor reefs, and today the general consensus falsely holds that credit for the discovery of the main gold reef must be attributed to George Harrison, whose findings on the farm Langlaagte were made in July 1886, either through accident or systematic prospecting. Like the diamond discoveries before, the gold rush caused thousands of foreign expatriates to prospect and mine the region. There were 500 men who took part in the uprising; 21 were killed and many arrested, tried and sentenced. The first discovery of gold in the region is recorded as being in 1852 in the Pardekraal farm[1] by J.H. It is made to simulate The Boer Wars. Currently, the greater Johannesburg area has just over 8 million residents, making it the largest city of South Africa. The Jameson Raid was supported by Rhodes and led by Sir Leander Starr Jameson. Bantjes, whose father Jan Gerritze Bantjes had educated Kruger when he was a boy during the Great Trek, had discussions with Kruger regarding those "measures." This heightened political tensions in the area, ultimately contributing to the Second Boer War in 1899. His discovery is recorded in history with a monument where the original gold outcrop is believed to be located, and a park named in his honour. This move was one of the factors leading to the Anglo Boer War of 1899-1902. Davis, an English miner. For a number of years all went well, but then President Paul Kruger of the South African Republic (ZAR) began getting worried so many foreigners would soon outnumber the Boers, and the first of certain "measures" were put into place. The line was opened on March 17, 1890 with the first train being hauled by a 14 Tonner locomotive, became known as the "Randtram", even though it was actually a railway in every aspect and not singularly dedicated to tram traffic. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Initially, the ZAR did not believe that the gold would last for long, and mapped out a small triangular piece of land to cram as many plots onto as possible. The disastrous Jameson Raid followed which put Cecil Rhodes in the spotlight. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. : Dawson City was the center of the Klondike gold rush in the Yukon. Its intent was to overthrow the Transvaal government and turn the region into a British colony. Although legends of a South African “El Dorado” existed among the natives of the area, it was not until 1886, when a poor Australian prospector named George Harrison staked the first claim, that the vast riches of the “Rand” were discovered. In mining terms, the Pilbara is synonymous with iron ore.It is one of the world’s biggest suppliers of seaborne ore and has played a large part in establishing the fortunes of the big miners BHP and Rio Tinto and in more recent times Andrew “Twiggy” Forrest’s Fortescue.Famously, Lang Hancock and his partner Peter Wright discovered the massive iron ore deposits later called Hope Downs in 1952, although government geologist Harr… It is thought to be named after two state surveyors who were sent to choose an area for the layout of the new town, Johann Rissik and Christiaan Johannes Joubert. There is some dispute as to the origin of the name Johannesburg and to which Johannes, a common Dutch name, the city was named after. For a number of years all went well, but then President Paul Kruger of the South African Republic (ZAR) began getting worried so many foreigners would soon outnumber the Boers, and the first of certain "measures" were put into place. Know something about this topic? The disastrous Jameson Raid followed which put Cecil Rhodes in the spotlight. News spread around the world and prospectors from Australia to California began arriving in masses and the first lanterns of a soon to be Johannesburg began flickering along dusty streets. Gold-Ansturm; engl. This was the first working railway line in the Transvaal. There were 500 men who took part in the uprising; 21 were killed and many arrested, tried and sentenced. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a gold rush in 1886 that led to the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa. The Jameson Raid was supported by Rhodes and led by Sir Leander Starr Jameson. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a gold rush in 1886 that led to the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa. It was a key part of the Mineral Revolution. The South African Railways - Historical Survey (Editor George Hart, Publisher Bill Hart, Sponsored by Dorbyl Ltd, Circa 1978), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Netherlands-South African Railway Company, https://www.wits.ac.za/media/migration/files/EGRI%20274.pdf, "History Of Gold In South Africa - In The Witwatersrand", "Correspondence of Cecil John Rhodes (1)", "City of Johannesburg - How was Johannesburg named? It is a range of hills in the Gauteng province South Africa that contains most of the worlds gold reserves.. Initially, the ZAR did not believe that the gold would last for long, and mapped out a small triangular piece of land to cram as many plots onto as possible. Many Randlords built large estates and mansions on the Parktown Ridge.[11]. Harrison is believed to have sold his claim for less than 10 Pounds before leaving the area. These early diamond surface mining activity photographs were taken by Weber & Sederstrom at New Rush (Kimberley). The province is initially owned by Transvaal, and the nations affected will most likely be either Oranje or Transvaal. William Knight registered the first mining company on the Witwatersrand, the Witwatersrand Gold Mining Company, in September 1886. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush, which began in 1886, also increased the economic development of the city in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as Lourenço Marques served as the closest seaport for the export of gold from South Africa. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a gold rush in 1886 that led to the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa. This only agitated the miners and gave the British another reason to make a grab for the gold fields and take the lot for themselves. 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